June 12 2017

New article: Phases of cold atoms interacting via photon-mediated long-range forces

Our article Phases of cold atoms interacting via photon-mediated long-range forces has been published as: J. Stat. Mech. (2017) 064002.

Phases of cold atoms interacting via photon-mediated long-range forces

Tim Keller, Simon B. Jager, and Giovanna Morigi
J. Stat. Mech. (2017) 064002.

Atoms in high-finesse optical resonators interact via the photons they multiply scatter into the cavity modes. The dynamics is characterized by dispersive and dissipative optomechanical long-range forces, which are mediated by the cavity photons, and exhibits a steady state for certain parameter regimes. In standing-wave cavities the atoms can form stable spatial gratings. Moreover, their asymptotic distribution is a Maxwell–Boltzmann whose effective temperature is controlled by the laser parameters. In this work we show that in a two-mode standing-wave cavity the stationary state possesses the same properties and phases of the generalized Hamiltonian mean field model in the canonical ensemble. This model has three equilibrium phases: a paramagnetic, a nematic, and a ferromagnetic one, which here correspond to different spatial orders of the atomic gas and can be detected by means of the light emitted by the cavities. We further discuss perspectives for investigating in this setup the ensemble inequivalence predicted for the generalized Hamiltonian mean field model.



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